A root canal procedure is performed when the soft tissue in your root canal is infected or inflamed. During the procedure, the dentist removes bacteria from the tooth pulp, nerves, and roots. The dentist empties the roots, disinfects the affected area with antibiotics, and then seals it to prevent decay. Here are some of the reasons you should get root canal treatment.
Tooth decay is also known as a cavity. It arises when bacteria in your mouth produces acid, which starts eating away at your teeth. Failing to address minor decay can result in deep decay which is characterized by extreme pain. Furthermore, deep decay can lead to tooth loss.
When decay affects the outer enamel of your tooth, it's difficult to notice. However, if left unattended, it can advance to the deep layers of your tooth and finally damage the pulp. The pulp has sensitive blood vessels and nerves and should be protected to save your teeth. At the first sign of tooth decay, you should consult a dentist to determine what treatment you need.
When the pulp of your tooth is infected, your tooth may become discolored. This can also be caused by trauma to your tooth. Tooth pulps may die if you have an inadequate blood supply. Tooth discoloration can also be caused by other factors. It's advisable to see a dentist the moment you notice your tooth changing color.
Swollen gums are a strong indication that you need a root canal. The swelling may be tender and painful. It may disappear after a while and then reappear for no plausible reason. Swelling of the gums is a result of the acidic waste from dead pulp tissues. You may also develop a pimple or gum boil. This pimple may release pus from the infected tooth and give you a bad taste in your mouth. In some cases, swollen gums may be remedied by a root canal procedure.
If you're sensitive to hot or cold foods and drinks, you may need a root canal. The sensitivity may feel like a sharp pain or dull ache. One of the reasons for tooth sensitivity is an infection in the nerves and blood vessels in your tooth. Tooth sensitivity can also be caused by tooth decay, gum disease, a cracked tooth, or a worn-out filling. A root canal procedure will get rid of the infected pulp and remedy your sensitivity problem.
Reach out to a dentist like Dr. Jon Douglas Lesan, DDS, RpH, PA, for more information.